Marijuana Licenses in California – Part 1
Guest post by Ed Keating, Co-Founder and Chief Data Officer at Cannabiz Media
In a new 5-part series here on the Cannabiz Media blog, we’ll be diving into the data in the Cannabiz Media License Database to learn what’s happening in California now that we’re a couple of months into the state’s adult-use marijuana industry launch. As the fourth largest economy in the world and with an adult population of over 23.1 million people, the California marijuana market is expected to grow to $7 billion. Let’s see what’s been happening since January 1, 2018.
California Marijuana Regulators
The rules and regulations of the California marijuana industry are issued by three different agencies:
- The Department of Food and Agriculture licenses cultivators or both medical and recreational marijuana.
- The Department of Public Health licenses manufacturers of cannabis-infused edibles for medical and recreational use.
- The Bureau of Cannabis Control licenses retailers, distributors, testing labs, and microbusinesses.
With the launch of the adult-use marijuana industry in California, the percentage of licenses issued by each agency has changed. In January, the Bureau of Cannabis Control had issued the most licenses (49%), but now, the agency is only responsible for 35% of the issued licenses. On the other hand, the Department of Food and Agriculture had issued 27% of licenses in January, but now, that percentage has grown to 49%. The percentage of licenses issued by the Department of Public Health has decreased since January from 24% to 16% currently.
With three different agencies involved in creating rules and regulations for California’s marijuana industry, there is a great deal of regulatory complexity that companies trying to get licenses have to navigate through. The barriers to entry are high in California, and those companies with strong regulatory expertise, lawyers, and consultants (i.e., companies that have money to pay for this expertise) will likely fare best under this scheme.
The California Marijuana Licenses
Cannabiz Media is tracking over 3,500 marijuana licenses in California. At the end of January 2018, just over 2,000 California licenses were being tracked, so the number of licenses in the state is increasing quickly. California now has more active licenses than any other state, and they’ve been issuing licenses for fewer than 90 days.
In total, 65% of the marijuana licenses in California are medical (2,288) and 35% are adult-use (1,256). The current total is 3,518, and the breakdown by type of license in the state is as follows:
- Cultivator: 1,732 licenses (49%)
- Manufacturer: 564 licenses (16%)
- Distributor: 417 licenses (12%)
- Dispensary: 316 licenses (9%)
- Retailer: 258 licenses (7%)
- Delivery: 112 licenses (3%)
- Microbusiness: 96 licenses (3%)
- Testing: 23 licenses (1%)
Key Facts about California Marijuana Licenses
Reviewing the data in the Cannabiz Media Licensing Database revealed some interesting facts about California marijuana licenses that help to paint the picture of how the state’s marijuana marketplace is developing. Here are some of those key facts:
- 13 companies account for 10% of the licenses statewide.
- The company with the most licenses is Central Coast Farmer’s Market Management, LLC with 106. That’s 3% of all licenses in the state.
- There are 1,780 license holders in total in California.
- 15 jurisdictions account for half (51%) of all licenses (Oakland, Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Francisco, Carpinteria, Salinas, Buellton, Eureka, San Jose, Arcata, Santa Barbara, Cathedral City, Desert Hot Springs, Lynwood, and Santa Rosa).
- 1 jurisdiction accounts for nearly 1 in 10 licenses in the state – Oakland (282 licenses, 9%).
- Three jurisdictions account for nearly 20% of licenses in the state – Oakland (282 licenses), Los Angeles (203 licenses), and Sacramento (139 licenses).
- Many license holders seem to be acquiring multiple cultivation licenses.
- Just under 900 companies have secured the 1,732 cultivation licenses.
Based on these facts, it’s clear that a few areas in California are becoming marijuana hot beds and a small number of companies are positioned to dominate the industry.
Coming up Next in the Marijuana Licenses in California Series
Stay tuned to the Cannabiz Media blog for Part 2 of the Marijuana Licenses in California series. In that post, we’ll dive into cultivation licenses.
About the author:
Ed Keating is a co-founder of Cannabiz Media and oversees our data research and government relations efforts. He has spent his whole career working with and advising information companies in the compliance space. Ed has overseen complex multijurisdictional product lines in the securities, corporate, UCC, safety, environmental and human resource markets and focuses on workflow products. Ed has spent the last twenty five years in the information industry. During that time he has worked for both startup and established information companies where he has led marketing, product management and sales organizations. These companies include Wolters Kluwer/Commerce Clearing House, CT Corporation, EDGAR Online and Business & Legal Reports.
At Cannabiz Media, Ed enjoys the challenge of working with regulators across the country as he and his team gather corporate, financial, and license information to track the people, products and businesses in the cannabis economy. Ed graduated from Hamilton College and received his MBA from the Kellogg School at Northwestern University. He has been active with the Software & Information Industry Association for his whole career and managed the Content Division for six years.